naima requires Python 2.7, 3.4, or 3.5 and the following packages to be installed: Numpy, Scipy, Astropy, Matplotlib, emcee, corner, and h5py. These will be installed automatically if you follow one of the installation methods below.

All of the above packages are available in a typical scientific python installation (or in all-in-one Python installations such as the Anaconda Python Distribution) or can be installed through pip.

Installing naima

Anaconda python distribution

The Anaconda python distribution allows to easily set up a fully working scientific Python distribution in any Linux or Mac machine, even without root access. Once Anaconda is set up, Naima and all of its dependencies can be installed in an Anaconda distribution through the Astropy conda channel:

$ conda config --add channels astropy
$ conda install naima

To update to the latest version, you can either update all packages in the conda distribution:

$ conda update --all

or only Naima:

$ conda update naima

Note that if you want to use the Sherpa models you have to use a Python 2 version of Anaconda, as sherpa is not yet compatible with Python 3. Otherwise, all dependencies are available in both Python 2 and 3.

Using pip

You can install Naima in an existing Python installation through pip (you may need to use sudo if you want to install it system-wide, or the flag --user to install only for the current user):

$ pip install naima

Note that installing with pip means that all non-installed dependencies will be downloaded as source and built in your machine. For pure Python packages such as Naima or emcee that is not a problem, but if Numpy or matplotlib are installed this way the build can take quite a long time. You can bypass this problem by installing these libraries through your systemwide package manager: see below for how to do this for different systems.

apt-get (Debian based)

For Debian-based systems (including Ubuntu), this can be done for Python 2.7 environments with:

$ sudo apt-get install python-matplotlib python-scipy python-astropy python-h5py
$ pip install naima

for Python 3 environments, the name of the packages should be:

$ sudo apt-get install python3-matplotlib python-scipy python-astropy python-h5py
$ pip3 install naima


Macports can be used on Mac systems to install most dependencies:

$ export PY=py34 # change to py27 for Python 2.7
$ sudo port install $PY-pip $PY-scipy $PY-matplotlib $PY-emcee $PY-h5py \
$ pip install --user naima

Installing the development version

To install from the latest development source, install Naima from the github repository through pip:

$ pip install git+